Washroom is a term used for bathing area. It is also a synonym for a toilet and washroom combined. In the ancient period, washrooms were never not allowed in the building premises. They were considered unhygienic in the building and were constructed outside the building but in the same premises. The main reason of not having or keeping it inside the house premises was ‘CONTAMINATION’. Toilet is one of areas that adds contamination to the air and makes it polluted and unhealthy. It does not only add contamination but also adds negative energies to the environment.

External toilets – In the Vedic civilization people constructed toilet outside the building but in the land premises. Such a toilet was not too far in companion to fields and had four sided ventilation, light and privacy.

Common toilets- After few years, the trend changed common toilet were introduced and constructed inside the building. Almost every building had a separate toilet block which was common for all rooms. Such common toilets were even closer and added more convenience.

Attached Toilet: - Now the trends have again changed. Toilets are constructed close to the bedroom to reduce the legwork. Such attached toilets generally do not facilitate perfect ventilation & light.


Washroom should ideally be located in northwest or west of the building as the rays of the setting sun are competent energy to kill bacteria.


  • Average sound level in the living room should be less than 60 decibels.
  • The ventilation level should be adequate. A feeling of freshness should always be there.
  • A living room should not permit light with glare.
  • The room should be connected to the nature.
  • The room should not suffer from electromagnetic congestion, geopathic stress and environmental aggression.
  • The height of the room should be minimum 8 feet.
  • The indoor air should not have organic or inorganic contaminants.


The living room should be preferably located in the eastern belt of the house. It can be east, northeast east or southeast east. It can also be placed in northeast north or north of the building. It should be borne in mind that it should be placed in such a manner that it does not attract glare. It must also ensure proper light and ventilation. The living room should be in front portion of the house directly accessible from the entrance lobby or outside. It is preferred if it is placed in north ,north east, east of the building. The guests should not pass through the personal areas like bedroom to living room.

  • The room should be spacious for the wheelchair to negotiate turns.
  • The chairs may be designed at the level of wheelchair and with removable armrest to facilitate transfer.
  • Carpet should be avoided in a house with handicap people on wheelchairs.
  • Keep furniture in the living room to a minimum, since it is all a potential dust trap.
  • Choose furniture with clean, smoothing lines and a minimum of detailing. This makes cleaning easier and more efficient.
  • Prefer furniture that can be easily moved, in order to allow easy cleaning and avoid the problem of stagnation.
  • Display ornaments on shelf behind glass doors.
  • Prefer clean and simple wall with out picture rails, dado rails or molding.
  • Select wipable paint that is easily maintainable.
  • Install roller blind or shades, as they are comparatively better than curtains and Venetian blinds.
  • If curtains are used, cotton and muslin cloth can be preferred, and should be washed at 56 degree celsius or above.
  • Vertical Venetian blinds should be preferred in comparison to the horizontal Venetian blinds.
  • Reduce humidity by leaving the windows open in the morning. Ideally the relative humidity should range between 30% to 50%.
  • In case of pollen allergy the window should be shut in the morning and evening hours, as the pollen count is highest at this time.
  • Prefer to use the solar passage, pull back the curtains on bright sunny days as solar energy charges the room and heat kills the might.
  • Replace carpet with a hard surface flooring material.
  • Keep pets out of the room.
  • Wear a dust mask while cleaning if the occupant is an allergy sufferer.

  • It should be ensured that while sitting the face should be towards north or east.
  • Show cabinets should be preferred towards the south or west wall of the room.

  • Fabric with checks, flowers, trips, natural patterns or other informal designs can be preferred for apostering the furniture.
  • It should be taken into account that the furniture should be in scale with the room.
  • Furniture made of natural wood should be preferred.
  • There should be at least 4” breathing space between the wall and the furniture.
  • Furniture should not be placed below a hanging beam.
  • It should not be opposite to a door as it may lead to a feeling of anxiety. It also adds insecurity deep with in and lead to friction.
  • The electric gadgets should be placed at least 5feet away from the sofa set.
  • Center of the room should not be graced with heavy furniture.
  • Furniture should not have curved & protruding edges.
  • Prefer easy going, easily moving and comfortable furniture.
  • Avoid steel, iron or plastic furniture.
  • Informal looking furniture like settees or massage chairs can also be placed in the living room. Furniture specially meant for relaxation can be placed in the living area.
  • The tone of the colour should purely depend upon the location of the living room, natural light , volume of the room and preferences of the users.
  • Warm colour like orange, yellow, organism yellow; peach, beige and terracotta can be used in a living room.
  • Green colour can add lot of relaxation and comfort in the bedroom.
  • Prefer wallpaper with warm design.

  • Fibonacci bells should be hung close to a door or window.
  • The room should be decorated with natural plants.
  • Waterfalls and aquariums can also be placed in the north and northeast of the room.
  • A crystal chandelier should be used to enhance socializing.
  • Fresh flower arrangement should be done to create life & elements of life.
  • Designer flooring with insulative material can be used. Avoid metal inlay in floor
  • Keep a bowl full of rose petals and water .Put few drops of rose drops in it.
  • A compatibility lamp should be placed on the central table of the room.

  • Painting of green field, river, waterfall, lake, flower beds, hills, bells, blossom trees and beautiful gardens can be placed on the east or north wall of the room. If people sit in south or west of the room and face towards north or east the visibility of painting increases manifold because it is placed on the north and east wall of the living room.
  • A picture or statue of God should be avoided. It should only be placed in the temple where its sanctity is maintained. Picture of holy signs, holy places and inspirational people with inspiration quotes can place on the eastern wall.
  • Painting or statue of ducks, horses, flowers, fruits, lotus, peacock, lovebirds or elephant can be placed in the room.
  • Painting should be preferably framed in the ratio of 1:1, 1:2 or 3:5.
  • Family pictures should always be placed in the living room.
  • Pictures emphasizing the importance of relationship can be also being placed on the wall.
  • Pictures relating to family ties, family values, culture, feeling of love, concern, care & sacrifices can also be placed on the wall.
  • Balance, rhythm & symmetry should be prominently clear from the design.
  • Checks, strips and floral prints are best in use for living areas.
  • The design concepts must emphasis on creating warm relationships.
  • Ratio of 1:1.6 should be used for framing paintings & mirrors. The ratio can also be used for designing furniture’s.
  • Too many doors should not open in the living room as it decreases functionality increases the risk of security.

  • The living area should have a conversation area with sufficient space for comfortable seating of the family members.
  • Before arranging furniture the most important thing to keep in mind is the flow of traffic.
  • Always position bulky pieces of furniture against a wall.
  • Low seating helps in making the room look larger.
  • Since living room & dining room function together the living can be adjacent to the dining room.
  • Songs would solely depend upon the liking of the occupants. It is the personalized function and only helps if personal liking are taken into confidence.
  • Soft instrument music can be used.
  • Rag bhairvi in flute or sitar, should be played in the morning.
  • Saxophone or piano can be played during the day and in the evening.
  • Lavender, jasmine, or saffron can be used to aromatize the environment inside a living room. It relaxes the environment and creates a soothing feeling.
  • Aroma lamps, room freshener, incense or ever aroma candle can be used in spreading the aroma.